The Peloponnese is one of the largest peninsulas of Greece with seven geographical units. It took its name from the legendary hero Pelops who, according to one of the mythological versions on the establishment of the Games, is considered as one of its founders. The Peloponnese with its ancient, medieval, Byzantine and modern cultural tradition is a peninsula of particular value. This tradition combined with its lush natural beauty makes it a strong pole of attraction for those who visit it. Its rich historical and cultural legacy makes it a “land of culture” and the birthplace of the Olympic Games. The region of Elis, in Ilida and Olympia in particular, hosted the first sanctuary of the Olympic Games and the region became the cradle of important traditions linked to the establishment of the Games.